Wednesday, 12 February 2014

The 100 most influential world leaders of all time


The 100 most influential world leaders of all time
The 100 most influential world leaders of all time +Maven Scientists 

Time 100 is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world assembled by the American news magazine Time. First published in 1999 as the result of a debate among American academics, politicians and journalists, the list is now an annual event. Although appearing on the list is frequently mistaken as an honor, Time makes it clear that entrants are recognized for changing the world, regardless of the consequences of their actions.

History


The list was started with a debate at a symposium in Washington, D.C., on February 1, 1998, with panel participants CBS news anchor Dan Rather, historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, former New York governor Mario Cuomo, then–political science professor Condoleezza Rice, neoconservative publisher Irving Kristol, and Time managing editorWalter Isaacson.

The list was first published in 1999, when Time magazine named the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Based on the popularity of the installment, in 2004 Timemagazine decided to make it an annual issue, listing the 100 people most influencing the world. Those recognized fall in one of five categories:
Leaders & Revolutionaries
Builders & Titans
Artists & Entertainers
Scientists & Thinkers
Heroes & Icons.

Within each category, the 20 most influential people (sometimes pairs or small groups) are selected, for a grand total of 100 each year.


Listed nine times

Oprah Winfrey2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004 & the 20th century.

Listed eight times

Barack Obama2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 & 2005

Listed seven times

Hillary Rodham Clinton2012, 2011, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006 & 2004
(Finalist in 2010)

Listed five times

Steve Jobs2010, 2008, 2007, 2005 & 2004
(Finalist in 2009)

Angela Merkel2012, 2011, 2009, 2007 & 2006
(Finalist in 2010, 2008)

Selection criteria


In 2004 Time's editors "identified three rather distinct qualities", when choosing the Time 100 explained Time's editor-at-large Michael Elliott:

First, there were those who came to their status by means of a very public possession of power; President George W. Bush is the pre-eminent example. Others, though they are rarely heard from in public, nonetheless have a real influence on the great events of our time. Think of Ali Husaini Sistani, the Grand Ayatullah of Iraq's Shi'ites. Still others affect our lives through their moral example. Consider Nelson Mandela's forgiveness of his captors and his willingness to walk away from the South African presidency after a single term.

In the 2007 Time 100 list managing editor Richard Stengel explained that the Time 100 was not a list of the hottest, most popular or most powerful people, but rather the most influential, stating:


Influence is hard to measure, and what we look for is people whose ideas, whose example, whose talent, whose discoveries transform the world we live in. Influence is less about the hard power of force than the soft power of ideas and example. Yes there are Presidents and dictators who can change the world through fiat, but we're more interested in innovators like Monty Jones, the Sierra Leone scientist who has developed a strain of rice that can save African agriculture. Or heroes like the great chess master Garry Kasparov, who is leading the lonely fight for greater democracy in Russia. Or Academy Award winning actor George Clooney who has leveraged his celebrity to bring attention to the tragedy in Darfur.

References

Official website
TIME 100 - The People of the Century



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